Importance of history

The study of history is informative as well as instructive. It is a mirror in which passing cultures and Civilization are reflected clearly with comments of historians.  {Culture means “the customs, beliefs, art, music and all the other products of human thoughts.” Its indicates attitudes to life. Civilization means an advanced stage of human development marked by a height level of art, religion, science, and social and political organization. It indicates the developed political organization like government communications, industry, commerce, roads, buildings etc.}

There are two periods of history-the prehistoric time (before six thousand years) when writing was not possible to record events and the historic time during which recorded events were available. The pre-historic or unrecorded time is recreated through the stone tools, weapons, cave paintings and carvings, bones of men and animals, etc . Left by prehistoric men.

Firstly, by reading world histories like “the outline of history” by H.G. Wells and “Peoples and nations” by mazour we gain a bird’s eye-view of the rise and fall of all great civilizations and empires form the ancient Egyptian, Persian, Chinese, greek and Roman to the end of British empire in the 20th  century. We can company the historical growth and working of the main social, political and economic systems like the democratic, capitalistic, communist, the fascist ( of hitler and mussolini) and the Islamic systems in different parts of the world. We can study the causes, courses and results of famous wars like the famous Islamic wars and conquests in 7th and 8th centuries, the two world wars and other smaller wars like thevietnam,

Arab Israeli, the India Pakistan wars and the American Iraq war. We can study the causes, progress and results of revolutions in different parts of the world like the French, Americans, Russians and Chinese.

Secondly, history is a study of great and unusual individuals.  It is a fact of history that great and able leaders take a country to the greatest heights of progress. Who can’t understand the fact that the Quaid-e-azam and liaquait ali khan by force of their personalities and ability won Pakistan for us with the support of their Muslim followers? Gandhi and Nehru were, in a large measure, responsible for the independence of India, Abraham Lincoln, he president of the US kept his country united through a most dangerous civil war. Kemal Ataturk revolutionized his country so thoroughly that it became the most powerful country of the Middle East and terror for the Soviet Union.

Thirdly, the history of world, or for that matter of different countries, is also the history of ideas. According to H.G. wellsin  “the outline of history,” the history of the world is , in essence ( in actual reality ), a history of ideas. If we look at religious history, or at the progress of religious through the ages, it is ideas of prophets [like those of Jesus Christ and Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him)], of saints (like Gautama Buddha and Hazrat Data Ganj baksh) and of religious scholars (like Maulana Rumi, Maulana Maudoodi and imam Khomeini) that have determined the courses of events and social movements.

History, In fact, gives us to understand the growth in consciousness of man in society through the ages. Our ancestors (forefathers) were conscious of scientific, philosophical, social and other truths relevant to their age just as we are conscious of these in ours. History, thus, is a study of the changing rainbow of consciousness from period to period.

In the fourth place, the true history of a country helps us to understand the condition (state) of a society from bottom to top (vertically as far as the different classes are concerned) and form one place to another, geographically , politically and socially (horizontally as far as different institutions, cities, towns, factories, offices etc. are concerned ) . T.B. Macaulay comes close to what we are saying here in “the historian”:”He (the prefect historian) shows us the court, the camp, and the senate. But he also shows us the nation … laws, religion, education…”

A successful historian is, in fact, one who writes history freely. He should be a of knowledge,

But, at the same time, able to write history without favoring any country, class or individual and without opposing any-he should be impartial.  

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